Articles

I’m not an anti-GUI person. In fact, I wrote three books about web GUI development with Java. However, I also like the command-line interface (CLI), especially text-based UIs. After a year of exploring MariaDB and the DevOps world, I got to discover and play with many text-based CLI tools that I didn’t know even existed. These tools are especially useful when connecting to remote servers that don’t have a GUI.

One special CLI tool that I frequently use is the mariadb SQL client (or mysql in the MySQL world)—a CLI program used to connect to MariaDB-compatible databases. With it, you can send SQL queries and other commands to the database server.

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Jakarta EE is a unanimously adopted and probably the most popular Java enterprise-grade software development framework. With the industry-wide adoption of microservices-based architectures, its popularity is skyrocketing and during these last years, it has become the preferred framework for professional software enterprise applications and services development in Java.

Jakarta EE applications used to traditionally be deployed in run-times or application servers like Wildfly, GlassFish, Payara, JBoss EAP, WebLogic, WebSphere, and others, which might have been criticized for their apparent heaviness and expansive costs. With the advent and the ubiquitousness of the cloud, these constraints are going to become less restrictive, especially thanks to the serverless technology, which provides increased flexibility, for standard low costs.

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I will run a book giveaway promotion on the Code Ranch on January 17th. Be sure to be there and let your friends know. It would be great to answer your questions about debugging. I’m very excited by this and by the feedback I’m getting for the course and new videos. 

I also launched a free new Java course for complete beginners. No prior knowledge needed. This is probably not the audience for this course. But if you know someone that might be interested I’ll appreciate a share. I hope people find it useful and learn a bit about Java. I’m working on a cadence of one video per week in this beginner course.

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Since its conception in the late 1980s, HyperText Markup Language (HTML) has persisted as a critical element in displaying web pages online.  This ubiquitous programming language continues to offer a detailed framework for structuring the content we see and interact with on the web, allowing us to format text and multimedia components in plain-text code, which is simple enough to change when the need arises.

The Transformation of HTML

As is the case with nearly all programming languages, HTML has transformed to incorporate dozens of new features over the decades since its introduction, accommodating typical contemporary pressures such as community feedback/critique and the rapid growth of adjacent web development technologies. The results of this transformation are easily visible to us in the output of modern HTML code; for example, the most recent HTML iteration–HTML5, introduced in 2014–offers new, simple elements for embedding video and audio files, as well as much-needed improvements in mobile display and overall mobile functionality.

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In this article, we will discuss the automation of application deployment on a web server using Jenkins Pipeline. We will use Jenkins Pipeline as a script. Jenkins Pipeline as script can be of two types: declarative type and scripted type. Here, we will use declarative Jenkins Pipeline script.

Prerequisite Knowledge

  • Git, GitHub
  • Building Java applications using Maven
  • Jenkins
  • Web server like Tomcat, JBoss, etc.

If you are new to Jenkins Pipeline script, then we would recommend you to go through this article first.

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Over the last decade of cloud migration, the threat model against Java applications and the way that we need to defend them has shifted. OpenJDK has made one positive change in this area already by deprecating the old SecurityManager, a relic that protected a bygone era of AOL CDs and paper maps. The next positive change in security is to strengthen the supply chain of software components, know what’s running and what’s vulnerable, and communicate this information with non-technical experts whose data is at risk.

Part of this threat model is driven by vulnerable libraries like last year’s Log4j. Although Log4j is a great logging library and was active on patching, many teams scrambled to identify where they needed to apply those patches. For individual Java developers or teams that knew their code and could deploy, the patch was simple — you updated a library and that was it. The reality though is that software moves fast and far, often leaving the locus of control of these technical experts to stakeholders that don’t have the expertise to manage a problem at this level. In a scramble, teams that did not know Java-specifics looked everywhere including .NET software and Python forums. The government of Quebec shut services down until they knew where Log4j wasn’t. This scrambling was not effective and does not protect our data.

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This is the perfect time to raise this point — just as Spring Native is coming to the forefront. Is it time to move to GraalVM? Spoiler: it depends. Yes, if you’re building serverless, probably no if you’re building pretty much anything else — with a few exceptions for some microservices.

Before I begin, I want to qualify that I’m talking about native image (SubstrateVM) which is what most people mean when they say GraalVM. That specific feature took over a much larger and more ambitious project that includes some amazing capabilities such as polyglot programming. GraalVM native images let us compile our Java projects to native code. It performs analysis and removes unnecessary stuff, it can reduce the size and startup time of a binary significantly. I’ve seen 10-20x improvement to startup time, that’s a lot. Ram usage is also much lower sometimes by a similar scale but usually not as significant.

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A few months ago, we wrote a blog post on finding and terminating long-running operations in MongoDB. To help make it even easier for MongoLab users* to quickly identify the cause behind database unresponsiveness, we’ve integrated the currentOp() and killOp() methods into our management portal.

* currentOp and killOp functionality is not available on our free Sandbox databases because they run on multi-tenanted mongod processes.

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Efficient code doesn’t just run faster; if it’s using less compute-resource, it may also be cheaper to run. In particular, distributed cloud applications can benefit from fast, lightweight serialization. 

OpenSource Java Serializer

Chronicle-Wire is an OpenSource Java serializer that can read and write to different message formats such as JSON, YAML, and raw binary data. This serializer can find a middle ground between compacting data formatting (storing more data in the same space) versus compressing data (reducing the amount of storage required). Instead, data is stored in as few bytes as possible without causing performance degradation. This is done through marshaling an object.

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I have lost count of the number of times I have been told that Java is not a suitable language in which to develop applications where performance is a major consideration. My first response is usually to ask for clarification on what is actually meant by “performance” as two of the most common measures – throughput and latency, sometimes conflict with each other, and approaches to optimise for one may have a detrimental effect on the other. 

Techniques exist for developing Java applications that match, or even exceed, the performance requirements of applications that have been built using languages more traditionally used for this purpose. However, even this may not be enough to get the best performance from a latency perspective. Java applications still have to rely on the Operating System to provide access to the underlying hardware. Typically latency-sensitive (often called “Real Time”) applications operate best when there is almost direct access to the underlying hardware, and the same applies to Java. In this article, we will introduce some approaches that can be taken when we want to have our applications utilise system resources most effectively. 

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